Innovative Cultural Arts practices Can Win Hearts, Minds…and Policy Change These are turbulent times. Given the current conditions and challenges that social justice advocates and funders face, the need to incorporate impactful and creative strategies to advance human rights and racial justice is more critical than ever. This final session will illustrate how art, culture and creativity can transform hearts and minds, connect and mobilize communities and amplify social justice goals. Moreover, it will provide inspiration to continue our collective work.
The Judgement of Equity in Intimate Relationships
Kollack, P. P. Blumstein
Brocker, J.J. Davy Layoffs, Self Esteem,and Survivor Guilt
Layoffs,Equity Theory and Work Performance
Barnard C I, The Functions of the Executive
The major online databases offered include, InfoTrac, ProQuest, JSTOR, NewsBank, Films on Demand, and Image Quest. In addition, there are more than 130,000 current, college-level ebooks in the EBSCO ecollection. There is CINAHL for nursing students and Westlaw Online for paralegal students.* The paralegal print law collection exceeds ABA-approval requirements.
Research assistance from librarians and interlibrary loan services are available at the Phoenix and Mesa campus libraries.**
The sound of your speaking voice, its tone, inflection and rhythmic patterns, speaks volumes about who you are willing to be in the world.
If you would like to be more empowered and receive greater respect and attention, consider strengthening your speaking voice and creating habits of speech that project authority with warmth and eloquence.
"Brilliant ideas without brilliant human connection usually die fast. That connection builds trust and cultivates relationships. When you see how you move others and are moved by them, you grow in stature and authority." http://magazines.toastmasters.org/display_article.php?id=1140160
As a speaker, you may have the greatest content in the world, but if you do not connect with your audience, it can all go to waste. It’s like being on the phone and having something important to say, but there is static on the line and you can’t hear the other person. No matter what you have to say, your message won’t get through.
By understanding what stands in the way of connecting with an audience, you can make small adjustments that will lead to deeper and greater connections. Below are 20 reasons many speakers fail to connect.
1 The audience does not relate to the speaker. When the speaker talks about success after success after success, audience members may think to themselves, Well, of course these strategies work for him. He’s special. These strategies would never work for me. Whenever audience members feel the speaker is too special, they tend to cast off his or her advice.
2 Audience members are not sold on why they should listen to the speaker. Your biography, speech description and introduction should clearly show how the audience will benefit from your presentation. They should be excited before you even take the stage.
3 Audience members are not sold on why they should take the next step the speaker suggests. If you do not sell the results that people can gain by following your advice (e.g., happiness, joy, recognition, money, saving time, reducing effort or doing more with less), they will not act on it.
4 The audience is given too many steps to take. “A confused mind says no” is an old saying. I’ve added to it: “A clear mind says go.” Giving one exact next step to take helps you connect with your audience during and after your speech. For example, in one of my speeches I ask people to visit my website, and I stay connected with them. Because I don’t give several next steps, I can use my entire speech to build the case for getting them to take that one step. That’s a powerful and clear message.
5 The audience does not feel involved. I remember watching the movie Lean On Me decades ago and hearing the line “No involvement, no commitment.” Hearing that line has produced change in every aspect of my life. People buy into what they help create, so in speaking it pays to make them part of the speech creation. How? By asking questions. Engage your audience members in quick activities. Listen to them as you speak. Involve them in your stories. Jump on spontaneous moments. Find ways to get and keep audience members involved.
6 The audience does not feel this is the only time you have given your speech. In other words, they don’t feel it’s fresh. Instead, they feel like it’s something you have rehashed time and time again. Perhaps it is, but your audience shouldn’t get that impression. As a speaker, it’s important to find ways to make the speech fresh for you so it will be fresh for your audience.
I use what I call the Fabric Softener Approach. When you include a fabric softener sheet while doing the laundry, it refreshes the entire load. In speaking, I rarely give a speech without trying out at least one new line or story. In doing so, that new piece becomes like the sheet of fabric softener—it actually makes the entire speech fresh for me, and that helps keep it fresh for my audience. I also dedicate every speech I give to someone somewhere so that it’s just as important every time I give it.
7 The speaker is not all there. If you are not emotionally involved in your stories during your speech, you do not stand a chance in connecting with your audience.
8 The speaker has not done the pre-speech research necessary to meet audience members where they are. Too many speakers give what they want to say rather than what the audience needs to hear. That’s a recipe for trouble.
9 The speaker does not match the energy of the audience. Have you ever seen a speaker come out way too energetic and loud for the laidback audience in front of him? Have you ever been that speaker? It’s not about bouncing off the walls. It’s about matching your energy to the energy of your audience members, and then moving them to where you want them to be.
10 The speaker does not tease audience members before sharing the message. Get your audience to thirst for your message before you quench their thirst. Otherwise they won’t value what you’re saying as much, and they won’t have enough curiosity to stay connected.
11 The speaker favors a side of the room and does not look at everyone in the audience. I have seen so many speakers turn slightly and face one side of the room for most of their speech. Each person must feel you are speaking to him or her, or you will not connect. Look at everyone throughout the entire speech.
12 The speaker does not respond (at least visually) to the audience’s reactions. There will be many moments during your speech where audience members will react in certain ways. If you keep talking without at least visually acknowledging their reactions, you will not connect with them. Instead, it will seem as if you could give the same exact speech without your audience even being there. Speaking involves a back-and-forth flow of energy. Blocking that energy is like blocking the blood flow in a person’s body. The results are disastrous.
13 The speaker “tells us” instead of taking us back to her story. Don’t tell a story from the past; let your audience experience your story in the present. You can do that with dialogue, expressions, reactions and involvement.
14 The speaker does not use relatable characters. If your stories are about climbing Mount Everest and doing things your audience has never done and never wants to do, you might have a problem connecting, unless you use journey-related universal principles that can bridge that gap.
I remember speaking to a group in a nursing home early in my career and wondering, How will these older folks relate to me? The answer is they didn’t have to. I told stories about advice I received from my grandfather and they, being grandparents and great-grandparents, related to him. So they related to me indirectly through my characters.
15 The speech is a verbal autobiography that leaves audience members wondering what they should get out of it. Don’t make people work that hard. They need to know what they’ll get out of your speech from the beginning—not just at the end. The speech can’t be, “I did this and I did that and I did this other thing … and you can do it too.” That’s not audience-focused enough to connect. You need to be audience-focused from the very beginning.
16 The speaker does not come out with a bang. Audience members realize in 30 seconds whether or not they want to hear more. Make those 30 seconds count.
17 The speaker sounds like someone else. You must be yourself or you’ll never connect. I remember watching a speaker who had great content—but there was a problem with his delivery. He faked a Southern accent. It seemed as though he was trying to have a Zig Ziglar-type drawl. This completely destroyed his connection. Why? Because it wasn’t his way; it was Ziglar’s way. Only Zig Ziglar can be Zig Ziglar. The rest of us need to be ourselves on stage.
18 The content is not original enough. As soon as someone starts talking about the starfish or the bricklayer, many people will think they have heard this before, and they will tune out.
19 The speaker’s stories don’t stir anything in the audience. If a speaker’s stories are one-dimensional and flat, he will not provoke any emotion (tears and regret, happiness and joy, etc.) in the audience and, therefore, the speaker will not connect.
20 The speaker does not get the audience to reflect. If the audience does not reflect, the speaker will not connect.
Perhaps you have been guilty of some of the above-mentioned mistakes. I know I have. This list is in no way exhaustive—there are many other reasons speakers fail to connect with their audiences.
Using criminal charges to your advantage. It is unethical
under the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct to use or threaten to
use criminal charges to gain an advantage in a civil proceeding. But, if
criminal charges are reasonable and not brought for the sole purpose of
gaining an advantage in a civil case, they can be useful in your family
When domestic violence or child abuse charges are pending, courts
often have standing to issue restraining and no-contact orders. Get a
copy of the court’s standard bond restrictions and obligations and any
additional, special conditions from the court clerk’s office.
Use information and materials from the criminal case to further your
civil matter goals. Always get a copy of the booking photo. Use these
photos to show the court or jury another side of the defendant. Get
copies of 911 telephone calls. Check the criminal courts’ file for
copies of arrest warrants, affidavits, police reports, or discovery
pleadings. Also look for preliminary hearing tapes, transcripts from
bond hearings, suppression hearings, or guilty pleas.
Child protective service matters can be another great source of
discovery and information. Get copies of the social worker’s file,
including all reports and statements of the opposing party. Ask for
copies of these or subpoena records to court. Get copies of medical
records or hospital reports documenting possible abuse.
When your client is accused of criminal wrongdoing. It is
increasingly common for a party in civil divorce matters to make
allegations that the other party has committed a crime of some type,
whether domestic violence, child physical abuse, or child sexual abuse.
If your client is accused of child physical or sexual abuse, put the
domestic case on hold. These types of allegations are very serious, and a
conviction will permanently affect your client.
The number-one rule: Do not allow your client to speak with anyone
regarding any allegations until you do your research. And, yes, these
instructions apply to the innocent client as well as the guilty. It is
important to determine what possible charges your client could face if
allegations were to be proved. Go straight to the code. Depending on the
age of the child, simple neglectful or reckless acts might constitute
the most serious of felonies. When reviewing criminal law, another good
resource is the state (or federal) pattern jury instructions. These
instructions boil down complicated statutes into simple, direct outlines
of what constitutes a crime.
When advising your client not to speak directly with the police or
investigators, remember these points. The law allows a citizen to
exercise the Fifth Amendment right to remain silent if one of the
possible answers to a question would implicate the citizen in a crime.
The right to remain silent does not require a person to be guilty of the
crime. Never allow your client to be alone with investigators from
Child Protective Services (CPS) or law enforcement.
Always ask as many people as possible about facts surrounding the
accusations. When speaking with police, begin the conversation by
saying, “I cannot correctly advise my client about what to do if I do
not understand the accusations and the facts that support them.” Law
enforcement, family members, and opposing attorneys will be more than
happy to explain what the suspect has (allegedly) done.